So back in the olden days, to learn things ranging from math and science, to dance and singing, little children would be sent to the house of their guru, and they would actually live with them for many years, growing up and being schooled by their Guru. Guru-shishya (teacher-disciple) relationship has also been believed as one of the most sacred relationships of our lives. Normally, it takes five to six years to complete and get perfect in the syllabus of Bharatanatyam. Guru becomes his or her ideal. Every year there would be programmes for Vijayadasmi, Janmashtami, Deepavali, Vinayaga Chaturthi and Ayyappan Mandala Pooja. Generally, hand gestures convey some meaning, purport or significance; but such gestures are also executed with Adavus only for embellishment, aesthetic beauty and ornamentation. The guru beats with Talakkol on Tattamain and recites the respective syllable of the ‘Adavu’ ‘Taiya Tei’. The parents take the child to Guru and offer him coconut, betel leaves, betel nuts, fruits, sweets and flower garland. A tradition, still practiced in Bharatanatyam, is the Guru conducts the orchestra ‘Nattuvangam’ in the disciple’s performances. I must admit that, as certain as I was about learning new and exciting things at the workshop, I did have concerns about the relevance of this Odissi training to my Bharatanatyam. The Guru-Shishya parampara has been an inevitable part of education in ancient Indian culture. To do so violates the Guru’s implied wishes in this regard. Shishya — Student of a guru. It may be single hand – Asamyuta Hasta or double hand – Samyuta Hasta gesture. V.N. As the local saying goes, while gaining admission into the school may be relatively easy, it is quite difficult to stay and advance in class and intensity. I would drop my teacher off at her home on my scooty after class. V.N. Guru-shishya parampara( the tradition of students serving the guru and in return receiving a wealth of knowledge ) used to be one of a kind back in the days where the students or disciples served their gurus in all aspects, from cooking food, getting their daily pooja ( holy ritual ) essentials ready, laying the leaflets of vedas  and upanishads (sacred scripts) before their Guru at the beginning of each class, and even carrying pots of water from the nearby pond for their teacher to use for daily needs. It is known as ‘Gharanas’ in north and ‘Sampradayas’ in south India. Although it brings a smile to our faces thinking of the fact that she was stressed with this so called “aramandi”, it is a very  refreshing experience to go back and actually think what we really thought about and did when our teachers instructed us. Kittappa Pillai and Mysore Venkatalakshamma. The guru-shishya relationship has been the sacred cornerstone of our religious and educational traditions in general and music as well as dance education in particular. During this period, he or she not only learns the grammar of dance from the Guru, also inherits his qualities, habits and character; and becomes emotionally closed to each other. With all the virtual helps the current generation gets in the form of Youtube and Facebook, the guru-shishya parampara is sometimes considered less important. This relationship is life long and deep. Institutional System. It is known as ‘. This article first appeared in the print edition on September 19, 2020 under the title ‘Lift the veil on the parampara’. When there was a need to pass on any spiritual, powerful or profound knowledge – it was done in a safe, trusting and intimate manner between the Guru (the master teacher) and shishya (disciple). It is like an ocean and no one individual can master every technique without the able guidance of Guru, which highly makes ‘, This tradition was prevalent in northern as well as southern, . Revathi Satyu is a pioneer in bringing g the art of Bharata Natyam to Dallas, TX. In the various fields of fine arts, many ‘Sampradayas’ exist. Aatmalaya academy believes that teaching is the art of self-discovery. (For more details, please refer to Guru Shishya Parampara). Training of Adavus combines with the training in movements of feet, head, neck, eyes and hand gestures along with other major and minor parts of the body also, to display various emotions, feelings and specific effects. According to Carnatic classical vocalist TM Krishna, there are some beautiful aspects of the guru-shishya parampara, although he cautions against “eulogising” it. Placing the guru on a pedestal culturally, I … A disciple constantly stays with the Guru for a minimum period of five years to be trained in Bharatanatyam, from childhood to become a teenager. The initiation is a proper ceremony. Pt. In contrast to the Gharanas, their aims were to provide opportunity for training the people having musical aptitude and interest to produce talented artistes, intelligent teachers, wise audience to appreciate good music and musician; and to teach theoretical aspects along with the practical training, which was excluded wholly, or partially by the Gharanas. ( Log Out /  She takes the lead as she performs with her disciples. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. It is known as ‘Banis’ or ‘Mats’ also. At a tender age of seven years, on a very auspicious day a disciple is initiated into the training of Bharatanatyam. We were not the Guru-shishya (teacher-student) who socialised with great pioneers of dance at dance recitals or workshops, but we were more involved in practicing dance within the walls of our school whether rain or shine. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Because, once the Guru has categorically stated that He was not a Guru in that mould – one who initiated shishyas formally, had a doctrine to teach, and appointed one or several successors to carry on the ‘parampara’ (Guru-tradition established by Him), no shishya may “teach” the teachings. The great musician, scholar, music educationist, writer and revivalist of Indian music, Pt. It began opening doors to the memories of my relationship with my gurus and how I enjoyed the credits given to me and how I felt extremely shy before my teacher to enact the shy Shakuntala who was being courted by her lover Dushyanth and how ashamed I was to not remember my part of the Dasavathara as Hiranyakashipu. And then Guru Dakshina (payment in different forms) given were the Guru earned what was rightfully theirs for all their hard work. A dancer should have good health and personality and if the training is started too early, her or his growth may be inhibited that would effect his or her physical appearance. Each of these things were of no significance back then and it was simply a daily ritual that we enjoyed doing. Artist : Ms. Yamini Krishnamurthy and disciples: Type: Video Home System ( … A big thanks to the little minds that put so many memories to light. KALADHWANI intends to create a Gurukul of … In Indian culture, the guru shishya parampara (aka teacher student tradition) used to be strong. Music and dance were something divine and therefore highly individualistic while it had to be taught in a rigorous manner to an enlightened disciple, the style of a Guru in many cases, did work as an inhibiting factor in ultimately developing the disciple’s own genius. The Guru starts the first footwork – ‘Tatta Adavu’, in which the body assumes Araimandi posture and sole of the two feet struck the paddy alternately. Therein lies the story. In the process, a unique relationship, attachment and understanding develops between the Guru and Shishya that lasts for many more years in future, sometimes until the end of life. She had her training under illustrious Gurus, U.S. Krishna Rao and Chandrabhaga Devi, Pandanallur Muthiah Pillai, Tanjore K.P. The Guru-shishya parampara was vibrant and an integral part of the Indian society. It gave us a glimpse of the special Guru-Shishya bond, which when fully forged, is more than just a tutelage system. My relationship with my gurus (teachers) as both an academic and dance student is worth remembering when I look for loopholes to deal with queries of the little minds that come to me to learn. “Gu” means dark and “Ru” means light. 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