Zheng He was a Chinese explorer who lead seven great voyages on behalf of the Chinese emperor. He also traded in porcelain and silver. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. His family claimed descent from an early Mongol governor of Yunnan province in southwestern China as well as from King Muḥammad of Bukhara (now in Uzbekistan). See Answer. Zheng He did not travel looking to conquer and kill but instead to show the might and wealth of the Ming Empire. The return journey of the first expedition, for example, saw Zheng He capture the pirate Ch’en Tsu-i, who had caused havoc in the Malacca Straits and beyond, a feat which greatly enhanced the admiral’s reputation in Southeast Asia. Zheng He was a member of the Hui, a minority group in China that is predominantly Muslim. The traditional presentation of tribute to Chinese emperors by other, smaller states in Southeast Asia was given to prevent invasion or achieve a theoretical promise of protection in the case of invasion by a third party or because diplomatic missions giving that tribute were permitted to conduct trade while in China. Books Get an answer to your question “About how many miles did Zheng He travel?A. Zheng He sailed westward and reached Africa. Zheng He’s seventh and final voyage left China in the winter of 1431. An extensive seaborne commerce had developed to meet the taste of the Chinese for spices and aromatics and the need for raw industrial materials. Many rulers took up the offer immediately and delegates were accommodated on Zheng He’s ships to be eventually taken to China on the return voyage. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Name 3 things that were banned with the death of Emperor Yongle's death. His grandfather was a noble from the Mongolian tribe and once made a pilgrimage to Mecca. The junks Zheng had in his fleet would not have been significantly different from those described as follows by the famed Muslim traveller from Tangier Ibn Battuta (1304 - c. 1368 CE): The large ships have anything from twelve down to three sails made of bamboo rods plaited like mats. Zheng He’s initial trip took him from the South China Sea through the Indian Ocean to Calicut, India, and back. Large ships, overseas travel, contact with most foreigners. There would be no more great maritime expeditions as the Chinese closed the door on the outside world and returned to its isolationist foreign policy of old. There was space, too, for a huge number of personnel: estimates range from 20,000 up to 32,000 expedition members on the first voyage. Author of. Biography >> Explorers for Kids. Between 1405 and 1433 CE Zheng He commanded huge fleets loaded with trade goods and high-value gifts to such far-flung places as … That would place Zheng He’s efforts some 70 years ahead of Columbus. In exchange, he brought back fuel, building materials and other exotic artifacts. These animals caused wonder back in China, where the giraffe, for example, was considered living evidence of the qilin, a sort of Chinese unicorn which represented good fortune. In 1424 the Yongle emperor died. It also confirmed the Chinese vanity that their own culture was superior to all others. A detachment of the fleet cruised southward down the coast of Arabia, visiting Dhofar (Oman) and Aden (Yemen). Ma also had made influential friends at court. The emperor even went so far as to ban the construction of any ocean-going ships and prohibit those that existed from being used for voyages beyond Chinese coastal waters. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? These enormous treasure junks were commanded by the great admiral, Zheng He. 9000 C. 16000 D. 24000 ...” in History if there is no answer or all answers are wrong, use a search bar and try to find the answer among similar questions. By 1390, under the command of the prince of Yan, he had distinguished himself as a junior officer—skilled in war and diplomacy and having made influential friends at court. In 1400 the prince of Yan revolted against his nephew, the Jianwen emperor, taking the throne in 1402 as the Yongle emperor. The expense of the expeditions and the goods they carried did not match the value of the tributes that came in return. Between 1405 and 1433 CE Zheng He commanded huge fleets loaded with trade goods and high-value gifts to such far-flung places as Hormuz in the Persian Gulf and Mogadishu in East Africa. Zheng He did command the third voyage (1409-1411) with 48 large ships and 30,000 troops, visiting many of the same places as on the first voyage but also traveling to Malacca … Chinese travelers abroad, as well as Indian and Muslim visitors, widened the geographic horizon of the Chinese. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Zheng-He, Jehovah’s Witnesses - Biography of Zheng He, Ancient History Encyclopedia - The Seven Voyages of Zheng He, Zheng He - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Zheng He - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Related Content Zheng He was appointed garrison commander in Nanjing, with the task of disbanding his troops. It has been quite a while since I have written, and even longer since I have traveled. The Kangnido map(1402) predates Zheng He's voyages, and suggests that he had quite detailed geographical information on the totality of the Old World, from Europe and Africa in the west, to Korea and Japan in the east. Britannica now has a site just for parents! His seven total voyages were diplomatic, military, and trading ventures, and lasted from 1405 – 1433. Zheng He was unusually tall for his time period, standing at 6 feet 5 inches (1.96 meters). China had what it needed. Zheng He's Travel Journal: Blog Bibliography Top Moments Seventh Voyage. There is a surviving painted silk scroll from the period showing a giraffe given to the emperor by King Saif Al-Din Hamzah Shah of Bengal. Put simply, many foreign states, although interested in the trading possibilities, did not quite agree that China, the self-styled Middle Kingdom, was the centre of the world; a view confirmed by the opening up of the New World at the other end of the same century that Zheng He had begun his voyages. In 1381 Yunnan was reconquered by Ming dynasty forces, and he was captured, castrated, and sent into the army. The family name Ma was derived from the Chinese rendition of Muḥammad. He contracted an illness, and whether he successfully returned to China or died during his return is unknown. Mecca is the most sacred site in the Muslim world. Chinese Junk Shipby National Maritime Museum, Greenwich (CC BY-NC-ND). These and other actions only strengthened the view that China was the chief power in the region and its greatest source of stability. Cartwright, M. (2019, February 07). Zheng He is the first attested Chinese to visit the Swahili coast. Cost very expensive, belief that. Which continents did Zheng He travel on his voyage? In the typical treatment of those captured in warfare and destined to be slaves or servants, Ma Ho was castrated. After his voyages ended, China turned inwards once again ended its brief … He visited the states of Southeast Asia, the coast of India, the Persian Gulf, the Red Sea, and the east coast of Africa. His voyages had the effect of extending China’s political sway over maritime Asia for half a century. In fact, Menzies says Columbus used a copy of Zheng He's map to plot his own voyage. During Zheng He’s fifth voyage (1417–19), the Ming fleet revisited the Persian Gulf and the east coast of Africa. These voyages traveled through the South China Sea, Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea, Red Sea, and along the east coast of Africa. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. More secure on his imperial throne, and having grabbed it in the first place after a three-year civil war, Yongle perhaps sought some international legitimacy for his position as emperor. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. The emperor’s purpose for this expedition seems to have been to obtain recognition and gifts from other rulers. Submitted by Mark Cartwright, published on 07 February 2019 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. A report states that 19 foreign rulers sent tributes and diplomatic missions to the emperor as a consequence of this fourth voyage. Zheng He. Born into a Muslim peasant family in Yunnan province in southern China c. 1371 CE, his family-given name was Ma Ho. Living in a region of China that was then controlled by the Mongols, Ma Ho was captured by Ming forces at the age of ten. By 1390, when those troops were placed under the command of the prince of Yan, Ma He had distinguished himself as a junior officer, skilled in war and diplomacy. Wherever he landed, Zheng He led a delegation to the local ruler to whom he presented messages of goodwill and China’s peaceful intentions towards them. Zheng He’s seventh and final voyage left China in the winter of 1431. Admittedly, they did not, like similar voyages of European merchant-adventurers, lead to the establishment of trading empires. Zheng He and his 317 ship and nearly 30,000 crew fleet set sail from the Liujiagan Port in the Jiangsu Province in China, and they sailed as far as... See full answer below. The Ming Dynasty fell to invaders who began the Qing Dynasty. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 07 Feb 2019. Zheng He (or Ma Sanbao) (1371-1433 AD) was a court eunuch, marine explorer and fleet admiral, born into an adventurous Muslim family in Kunyang of Yunnan Province. A Chinese mission visited Mecca and continued to Egypt. The Ming court then sought to display its naval power to bring the maritime states of South and Southeast Asia in line. Again he visited Southeast Asia, India, Arabia, and Africa. isolationism. Top Answer. Zheng He was a Chinese explorer who lead seven great voyages on behalf of the Chinese emperor. In 1405 a Chinese Muslim eunuch, Zheng He, launched the first of seven voyages west from China across the Indian Ocean. Updates? Although some historians see no achievement in the naval expeditions other than flattering the emperor’s vanity, those missions did have the effect of extending China’s political sway over maritime Asia for half a century. Technological developments in shipbuilding and in the arts of seafaring reached new heights by the beginning of the Ming. License. From Africa, Zheng He brought back such exotica as lions, leopards, camels, ostriches, rhinos, zebras, and giraffes. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. 28,000 … During the next 30 years (till 1445 CE), he was in command of the world’s largest fleet, funded by the Ming emperor, sailed to the east coast of Africa into the Persian Gulf. He successfully returned to China that is predominantly Muslim an illness, and He was from a (... 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